This page includes summaries of completed investigations and will be updated as cases are completed
Case No 1061 – complaint about the way the Trust manages water resources at lakes constructed to feed the canal network
Organisation C represents stakeholders with an interest in the lakes as a local amenity and as a wildlife haven. The lakes were constructed as a feeder system for a canal, and that remains their primary purpose, but they are also a prominent local feature and a key part of the local ecology. They are fed by brooks, one of them having a sluice, which when closed diverts the water to one of the lakes, and when open allows the water to bypass the lakes, although this does mean that if the level in the lake is above the cill of the sluice, water can flow back out of it and into the bypass channel. The sluice also has an orifice in it, which when the sluice is closed allows some water to keep flowing into the bypass channel. There is a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Trust and the Environment Agency (EA) which aims to prevent water overtopping the dam wall of the lakes and flowing into an SSSI.
The complaint was that over a period of many years the Trust had not properly managed the water resource, in particular that it left the sluice open for long periods during the summer months, resulting in the direct loss of water from the lake into the bypass channel, as well as the consequential result that any further water coming down the brook was not available to top up the lake. Organisation C also said that the orifice in the sluice wasted water.
In its formal responses to the complaint, the Trust focussed on recent weather events, and the need to comply with the MoU, which was especially important during the summer months when an algal bloom develops and it was necessary to prevent this from flowing over the dam wall. However, the organisation argued that the Trust had not dealt with its criticism that the alleged mismanagement had been going on since 2002.
I said that although it was not stated, the implication of the MoU was that the sluice would be closed when the lakes were not likely to overspill. The organisation disagreed with the Trust’s statements about its management of the sluice. It said that the Trust did not open them when the lakes were full, but that they were left open from April to October regardless of water levels.
As it happened, during the time I was involved (the first half of 2019) there had been adequate rainfall (in stark contrast with the hot dry summer of 2018 when the water levels had been severely reduced), and the sluice had been left closed, meaning that water was diverted to the lakes. Whether that was because I was involved I cannot say. Nonetheless, I found it hard to reconcile what seemed to me to be the Trust’s unequivocal statement that its operation of the sluice was designed to satisfy the twin objectives of maximising water level while minimising the risk of overspill, with Organisation C’s statement that in most years the Trust left the sluice open for long periods in the summer months.
I cannot direct the Trust in what is after all a matter of policy. I could require it to do certain things if I were to conclude that there had been maladministration. The purpose of the MoU is to agree and control the distribution of the flows to the lakes. It is not a statement about how the Trust will manage its water resources but how, for example, it will avoid overspill into the SSSI. Although the implication may be that the Trust will try to maximise water levels, the MoU does not say this, and I did not conclude that there had been maladministration.
The original purpose of the lakes was to feed the canal network. If the management of the lakes left that short of water, it would not lead to an injustice suffered by Organisation C, although it may potentially affect canal users. Nonetheless, I said that the Trust did present the lakes as an amenity, as a beauty spot and as a centre for leisure activities, and it would seem reasonable to assume that it would endeavour to maintain water levels at the maximum level commensurate with satisfying the MoU, and any operational requirements. The Trust accepted that a review of the MoU was due, and that in doing so it would welcome the views of Organisation C and give it an adequate opportunity to comment.
Although I made no recommendations I did say that this did not mean that I thought the Trust could not more effectively manage the water resources to satisfy a wider range of stakeholders, but because I had not concluded that there had been maladministration.
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Case No 1039 – complaint about the noise from a canal pump in a domestic property
Ms B lives in a house, next to a canal lock, which incorporates an old pump house, to pump water from below the lock back to the pound above it. The original pump was steam-powered but was some time ago replaced by an electric pump. The pump sits at the bottom of a large flooded chamber, below one corner of the house, and pumps the water up through a pipe to an external housing from which it flows back into the canal. It is one of a series of pumps designed to conserve water which flows down the canal as boats travel through the locks. It is needed more in dry conditions, and during the cruising season when the locks are used more often.
Ms B said that the noise of the pump causes a nuisance, which some years ago was less of a problem. Its maximum hours of operation are 6 am to 6 pm, but during the time she has lived there it has been used more of the time, partly because of drier conditions and partly because of increased boat traffic. She had spent many hours, over a long period of time, trying to get the Trust to do something to reduce or eliminate the noise, but although the Trust had done some things there was no obvious solution nor any clear plan to address the problem. She was unhappy with what she saw as the lack of action by the Trust, long delays in getting things done, and its failure to sort out the problems in a property which it had been content to sell for residential use.
The Trust had recently engaged the services of an external acoustic consultant, and during the time I was involved it issued a draft and then a final report. Its recommendations included de-watering the chamber to enable an inspection and repair of any defects, improving the mounting of the submersible pump, installing a replacement pump, and reviewing and introducing management protocols to limit instances where noise levels were raised due to filter clogging.
I had no doubt that the noise of the pump was a severe nuisance to Ms B, and that it caused her distress for long periods, not just when it was running, but even when it was not running because of anticipation of it coming on unannounced. However, I was limited in what I could do. The only solution guaranteed to be effective would have been to relocate the pump outside the perimeter of the house, but the cost of this would undoubtedly have far exceeded my maximum award of £100,000, and I could not require such a remedy. In discussion with Ms B and Trust staff on a visit to her house, it did seem that there might be alternative remedies which, while perhaps being less effective, might reduce the nuisance level, such as to install a quieter pump with less capacity but run it for longer hours.
During my investigation the Trust was considering the situation, and decided that it would provide funding for further investigatory and remedial works. Having seen the noise report and the recommendations, my view was that there probably nothing more I could usefully do, and that I should cease my involvement and leave the Trust to get on with the work. I was confident that it would carry out the proposed actions, and that my presence was not required to ensure this. Although this did not seem to me to be an entirely satisfactory resolution of the complaint, because it would be unlikely to eliminate the noise, Ms B felt that without my involvement matters would not have progressed as far as they did, and that I had managed to achieve something she had not.
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Case No 1046 – complaint about the Trust not taking timely action in relation to complaints about overloaded boats
Organisation A is a residents’ association, comprising members who overlook a river. Their complaint, as dealt with by the Trust, was about what they saw as its failure to deal with their request to it to take action in respect of what they said was the overloading of boats. The boats were operated by a local hire boat operator, providing services for people to scatter the ashes of deceased relatives on the river. The organisation had also raised a number of other issues with the Trust, but which had not been considered formally in the complaints process, and which it wanted me to look at.
There is a patchwork of law and regulation covering waterways and their use, and for many of those uses the Trust has no responsibility for taking enforcement action. The organisation’s view was that at least for some of them it would be better if the Trust, given its prominent role in waterways issues, were to take the lead.
The issue which the Trust had considered was whether it should have acted more quickly in response to Organisation A’s request for action in respect of the overloading of boats. This is in fact not the responsibility of the Trust, but that of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), even for inland waterways. The Trust did eventually alert the MCA to the issue, but it took several months, by which time the organisation had contacted the MCA directly. The Trust did accept that there had been delays, for which it apologised. I agreed with the Trust’s own assessment, but did not consider it appropriate to go further or to make any recommendations.
The Trust does have a process in place for dealing with such matters, although in this case there was a delay which should not have happened. This did not reflect Organisation A’s experience, but it did not mean that a new process was needed; rather, the Trust should ensure that the existing process worked.
On the other issues, I said the most I could do would be to consider whether there was any merit in them being examined in greater detail. If I reached the conclusion that the Trust did not have jurisdiction, there was probably nothing to be gained by the submission of formal complaints.
The issues included Organisation A’s view that the hire boat operator was ignoring Environment Agency (EA) guidance about the scattering of ashes, for example that it should not go ahead in windy conditions, near residential locations, or places used for fishing and bathing. The organisation said that this had previously been EA policy but had been downgraded to guidance. It argued that the Trust should take over the responsibility for enforcing the guidance, but I said it did not have appropriate legal powers to take enforcement action, and that if it were to do anything it could only be on a voluntary basis. If it attempted to take any enforcement action it could simply be ignored.
On the issues of the numbers of boats operated by the boat hire company, and the hours of operation, these were matters for the Local Authority to deal with, in relation to what is known as the Certificate of Lawful Use. On whether, at the mooring operated by the boat hire company, more boats were being used for residential purposes than the permission allowed, this was also a matter for the Local Authority to enforce.
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